FOKUS Permen ESDM 07 2012

Posted on May 1, 2012

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Permen ESDM 07 2012

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Govt wants more smelters for Riau Islands, W. Kalimantan

Rangga D. Fadillah, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Wed, 04/11/2012 9:29 AM

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The government is encouraging the development of aluminum refinery plants in Indonesia’s two largest bauxite producing provinces; Riau Islands and West Kalimantan.

The provinces have a total bauxite reserve of 3.47 billion tons, Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry’s data shows.

As a bauxite-producing nation, Indonesia does not yet have smelters to process bauxite into alumina and therefore all ore produced in the country is exported to Japan and China, while to supply alumina to aluminum plants in the country, material is mostly imported from Australia.

In Riau Islands, there are 32 companies holding mining licenses over 34,993 hectares. The estimated
reserves in the province are estimated to be 180.97 million tons, scattered across four regions — Lingga (93.36 percent), Bintan (2.33 percent), Tanjung Pinang (1.61 percent), and two other regions (1.06 percent).

In West Kalimantan, 49 companies currently operate on 557,259 hectares. The province has total reserves estimated to be 3.29 billion tons.

The ministry’s data records that in 2010, Indonesia’s bauxite production was 10.29 million tons. From 2008 to 2010, the output grew by 2 percent a year.

A report from the economic team of the ministry’s minerals and coal directorate general, which is available on the ministry’s website, says that there is an indication of over-exploitation of mineral resources as many miners try to avoid the ban on exports of unprocessed minerals.

According to the new mineral regulation issued early this year, beginning in May this year the government will ban export of unprocessed minerals.

The government has said that the ban will be imposed to ensure that miners comply with the mining law, which requires them to process their production before being exported by 2014.

“If the government insists on banning exports in May, hundreds of people will lose their jobs and the regional economic growth and Indonesia’s export revenue may decline around 20 percent (US$46 billion) from the target,” the report said.

“The other negative impact that may come is the growing amount of bauxite smuggling which may be counter-productive for the country’s mining sector,” the report continued.

Publicly-listed state miner PT Aneka Tambang (Antam) has planned to build smelter grade alumina and chemical grade alumina with the capacity of 300,000 tons and 720,000 tons respectively in West Kalimantan.

The two processing facilities are estimated to be capable of absorbing a total of 3.42 million tons of bauxite a year. Antam’s mining site in Sanggau, West Kalimantan, will supply the raw material. The site has total reserves of 188.30 million tons.

To build additional smelters in West Kalimantan and the Riau Islands, the government suggests that mining license holders team up and create a consortium to set up processing and refining facilities for their ore.

On that idea, Indonesian Mining Association (IMA) executive director Syahrir Abubakar argued that persuading license holders to form a consortium would be a difficult job considering their limited financial and technical capabilities.

“It is more feasible if the government invites other investors to build smelters in the two provinces,” he told The Jakarta Post on Tuesday.

He emphasized, however, that there were several prerequisites the government had to provide, so that the investors would be interested in conducting business in the provinces.

“First, the government has to ensure energy supply for the planned smelters. Second, it has to be able to coordinate license holders in the provinces to supply their ore to the smelters. The last would be transportation infrastructure, such as roads and ports, which must be improved,” Syahrir said.

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Miners oppose govt’s export tax plan

Rangga D. Fadillah, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Fri, 04/13/2012 9:07 AM

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Indonesian mining companies have strongly protested the government’s plan to impose a 25 percent export tax on mineral ores and coal, saying that the measure would severely hurt their businesses because they already pay high income tax rates.

The executive director of the Indonesian Mining Association (IMA), Syahrir Abubakar, said in Jakarta on Thursday that the government should be aware that under their contracts of work, miners paid a corporate income rate of between 35 and 45 percent, which was higher than the 25 percent imposed on other companies.
“Some of them pay between 35 percent and 45 percent even though the 2008 Income Tax Law regulates that the tax is only 25 percent,” he told reporters on the sidelines of the launch of the Mining & Engineering Indonesian Exhibition in Jakarta on Thursday.

If the government insists on applying the export tax, it should also declare that all companies pay tax according to prevailing laws, and not based on their contracts, he said. Currently, contracts of work in the country use the principle of “nail down” in which the taxes paid by miners follow the regulations in force when the contracts were signed, he explained.

“It’s no problem if the government wants to increase its revenue by applying new taxes, but it has to ensure that all the companies are on the same level playing field and are getting the same treatment. If not, this will kill the companies,” Syahrir said.

The government has the power to call all contract holders and inform them that it will apply the prevailing laws in tax payment and therefore the conditions in the contracts have to be renegotiated, he said.

“There’s nothing wrong with the government’s desire to boost tax revenue, but it has to do it in a way that doesn’t endanger the miners,” he said.

He said the government had never invited mining companies to discuss the plan.

Supriatna Suhala, the executive director of the Indonesian Coal Mining Association (APBI), agreed with Syahrir that equal treatment for all miners was necessary. However, he warned that implementing the plan would be difficult if not impossible.

“If the government insists, we have to revise the content of the 2009 Minerals and Coal Law. Our contracts with the government must also be renewed. What we need is equal treatment. Now, companies pay taxes and royalties in different amounts,” he said over the phone.

“In my opinion, this plan will do more harm than good.”

The discourse over the export tax first began following Industry Minister MS Hidayat’s statement that the policy was aimed at preventing companies overexploiting the county’s mineral resources and selling it in ore form without thinking about the future of the nation’s reserves.

The planned tax will supplement the government’s decision to ban mineral ore exports in 2014, which is mandated by the 2009 Minerals and Coal Law and a 2012 ministerial regulation.

When asked about the export duty, the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry’s director general for minerals and coal, Thamrin Sihite, declined to comment.

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Mining industry demands clarity on export ban

Rangga D. Fadillah, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Mon, 04/16/2012 8:10 AM

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Mining industry stakeholders want the government to immediately clarify a decision to ban metal ore exports to avoid confusion that might hinder growth.

Komaidi Notonegoro, a mining expert from ReforMiner Institute, said that the current regulatory framework allowed for multiple interpretations that did not give companies legal certainty.

“The policy to implement regulations is often different from what is mandated in the law. This is what we see in the case of the ministerial regulation on the export ban,” he told The Jakarta Post over the weekend.

The government, required to ban metal ore exports by 2014 under the 2009 Law on Minerals and Coal Law, planned to introduce the ban in May to promote local processing.

However, the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry said that companies would only be required to submit proposals on how they would comply with the 2009 law by May, and that the ban would be implemented in the future.

“I think the government has to issue more detailed regulations containing the rights and obligations of mining companies to comply with the export-ban deadline. It also must be clear whether the regulations only apply to contracts made after the regulation is enacted or to all contracts,” Komaidi said.

“The new regulation must include an explicit deadline for the export ban to be implemented and provide a mechanism as to what companies must do if they have to stop exporting ore while still bound by contracts with buyers,” he continued.

Meanwhile, Syahrir Abubakar, the executive director of the Indonesian Mining Association (IMA), said in a recent interview that mining companies were uncertain if the government would give leeway to continue ore exports if they submitted the compliance proposals, as the regulation explicitly said that the ban deadline was May.

Syahrir said he was afraid for the future prospects of companies with long-term contracts: If the companies could not sell their ore, funders might withdraw their money.

The problem has been exacerbated by the government’s plan to levy a 25 percent export tax on mineral products in 2012 and a 50 percent tax in 2013, a measure that the IMA described as dangerous.

The association said many contract holders paid institutional taxes between 35 and 45 percent, despite the 2008 Income Tax Law that stipulated a maximum rate of 25 percent. An additional export tax might force companies to the verge of collapse, the IMA said.

Komaidi said that the planned tax was well intended and supported the government’s vision to increase the value of Indonesia’s natural resources. However, he added, before implementing the rule, the government had to provide necessary infrastructure for companies to process and refine ore in country.

“The government has to encourage the construction of more smelters in the country. The export tax can’t be implemented until the supporting infrastructure is available,” he said.

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Export tax to become effective in May

Rangga D. Fadillah, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Wed, 04/18/2012 7:33 AM

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The Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry revealed on Tuesday that it would issue a regulation on a mineral ore export tax before May 6.

The ministry’s director general for minerals and coal, Thamrin Sihite, said the government was now intensively discussing the export tax, but as of today, there was no agreement made on the rate.

“We still have to coordinate with many institutions such as the House of Representatives, mining companies and the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry [Kadin]. No number has been agreed upon yet,” he told reporters after the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MoU) between PT Pertamina Geothermal Energy (PGE) and Geothermal New Zealand (Geonz).

The export tax is a supplement for the 2012 ministerial regulation on a raw material export ban issued on Feb. 6. The regulation says all mining companies should stop exporting raw materials three months after the regulation is enacted.

“We hope before May 6, the regulation on the export tax can be finalized,” Thamrin said.

As reported earlier, mining stakeholders had demanded that the government clarify the ministerial regulation so that it did not create confusion.

Part of the regulation says all companies must stop exporting metal ore by May 6, but in another part, it is said companies can continue exporting as long as they submit comprehensive proposals on how they will process and refine their raw materials in the country.

That regulation is ambiguous because the 2009 Minerals and Coal Law stipulates that the ban of raw material exports will begin in 2014, not in May 2012.

On that ambiguity, Thamrin explained the companies could still export raw materials after May 6 as long as they fulfilled three requirements.

The requirements are that their licenses must be clean and clear (following all legal procedures), they have to sign integrity pacts agreeing that in 2014 they must stop exporting metal ore and lastly, they must submit a comprehensive proposal on whether they want to build their own smelters, make consortiums with other companies to jointly build smelters, or sell their raw materials to smelting companies in the country.

“If mining companies fail to comply with any one of the requirements, we will revoke their export permits,” Thamrin said.

He also revealed that as many as 17 companies had proposed to the government building smelters in Indonesia. Previously, 19 companies had also submitted similar plans to the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry. With that addition, Indonesia will have a total of 36 new smelters over the next several years.

The Indonesian Mining Association (IMA) had earlier urged the government to invite investors to build smelters in the country because persuading mining companies in Indonesia to form consortiums would be difficult considering technical and financial capability constraints.

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House and govt told to review mining policy

Ridwan Max Sijabat, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Wed, 04/18/2012 9:31 AM

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The Regional Representatives Council (DPD) recommended the government and the House of Representatives amend the 1945 Constitution and review the 2001 Oil and Gas Law and the 2009 Mineral and Coal Mining Law in an endeavor to improve the government’s revenues and provide a fair fiscal balance between the central government, and local administrations in the mining sector.

In the conclusion of its three-month political investigation into the exploration of natural resources here on Tuesday, the DPD’s special committee found a number of constitution violations and injustices in natural resource exploitation, which it said has benefited miners and the central government but contributed less to regions and the people at the grass-roots level due to multiple interpretations of the Constitution as it was shown in the two laws.

“These findings and unfair practices are the legal and political basis for the investigative committee to recommend the House and the government amend the Constitution and revise the two laws and relevant regulations on the fiscal balance between the central government and regions where the natural resources are explored and mined,” special committee chairman Abdul Azis said.

According to the special committee, Chapter 33 of the 1945 Constitution has to be amended by changing the phrase that all natural resources are controlled by the state into a new phrase that all natural resources are owned by the state and utilized to improve the people’s social welfare.

He added the DPD would bring the two laws to the Constitutional Court for review if the House and the government declined to revise the law.

Special committee members Nurmawati Dewi Bantilan and Abdul Gafar Usman said revision of the two laws was aimed at upholding the state’s sovereignty over and ownership of natural resources and therefore, the oil and gas regulator BPH Migas had to be reorganized or replaced by a state-owned enterprise in respect of the business-to-business principle and to maximize the state revenue from resource exploitation.

Nurmawati said the recommendations were part of the grand design made the special committee to maximize the state revenue in the mining sector and after the two laws were revised, all work contracts with foreign miners would have to be reviewed.

The government receives 85 percent from oil production and 30 percent from gas production under a production scheme with oil and gas companies, where all operating costs are refunded by the government. However, the producing regions only receive 15 percent from oil production received by the central government and 30 percent from gas production. The producing regions’ shares from oil and gas production were too small and not fair ,given the damages caused by oil and gas production activities on the environment. He said that the royalties received by the government from mining operations were also too small and did not reflect fairness. It was completely unfair if the government received only a 1-percent royalty from gold miner PT Freeport McMoran Indonesia, which has devastated the environment in Mimika, Papua, he said.

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Editorial : Increasing the value added

The Jakarta Post | Fri, 04/20/2012 11:52 AM

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The government regulation that prohibits mining companies from exporting metal ore, starting in 2014, should be welcomed as a well-designed policy that moves mineral commodities higher up the value chain, generating more jobs and boosting our take of profits from the mining sector.

The requirement to process minerals for export, like the obligation for foreign investors to gradually divest their majority equity holdings in mining concessions after five years of commercial production, has been stipulated in the 2009 Law on Mining

But the timing and manner in which the government has been trying to introduce the policies to investors has caused confusion and uncertainty.

The mining law was virtually kept on the shelf for two years after its enactment in 2009, as the ministries related to mining operations tried haphazardly to improve the coordination of drafting regulations on technical directives for the enforcement of the law.

This time lag unintentionally caused the misperception among investors that the government was not steadfastly serious about enforcing the law, especially the provisions relating to the ban on the exportation of unprocessed metals.

Then last year, the government issued a series of regulations and ministerial decrees providing technical details on the enforcement of the policies.

This is certainly the worst way of ushering in policies to mining ventures that are highly risky, capital and technology intensive and have a long payback period, thereby requiring clear-cut rules and long-term policy direction.

Big risks are already inherent within the mining sector without legal uncertainty and policy inconsistency.

The government should be fully aware that building a smelter, which requires a huge amount of investment, electricity and infrastructure support, is not work that can be completed within only two to three years.

Now, the government seems to have realized that pushing ahead with a complete ban on the export of metal ores in 2014, as scheduled, may technically and commercially be unfeasible.

The government is considering an alternative, transitional policy by allowing mining firms to continue exporting metal ores on the condition that they must submit concrete investment business plans on the development of smelters by themselves or in consortiums with other investors.

The government is also considering slapping an export tax on metal ores during the transition period to provide a clearer policy signal that the government is serious about enforcing the regulation on the compulsory processing of metal ores for mining companies licensed after 2009.

Such a policy is not completely new. Such a measure, for example, has been imposed through a progressive export tax on crude palm oil (CPO) that is tied to international prices of that commodity. The higher the price, the higher the export tax rate. But the main objective is more to encourage the development of downstream industries, rather than increasing revenues.

Abruptly stopping exports in metal ores as nickel, bauxite, manganese, silver and copper could shock mining firms, damage Indonesia’s credibility as the supplier of a wide variety of minerals to the world market and significantly cut into government revenues.

The regulation on metal-ore exports, which is scheduled to be issued early in May, should be clear-cut. But its enforcement should be designed in such a way that it does not cause severe disruption of supplies to overseas buyers, yet is still forceful enough to make mining firms fully committed to developing metal ore processing industries in the country.

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Executive column: Regional power struggle hurts investment: Aneka Tambang

The Jakarta Post | Mon, 04/23/2012 10:03 AM

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Overlapping land use rights and mining permits (IUP) are two of the most common challenges facing investments in the mining industry. Such a situation, experts say, has been made worse by the proliferation of regional autonomy, which in many cases gave birth to poor resource management due to lack of capacity, corruption and political bickering. To gain insight on the matter and to discuss other issues facing the industry,The Jakarta Post’s Rangga D. Fadillah spoke with PT Aneka Tambang president director Alwinsyah Lubis. Below are excerpts from the interview.

Question: How do overlapping permit problems influence the investment climate in the mining sector?

Answer: Legal certainty is vital for mining companies. With the implementation of regional autonomy followed by the enactment of the 2009 Law on Minerals and Coal, which grants regional heads, regents or mayors, the right to issue IUPs, everything gets uncertain. A new regent or mayor can revoke permits issued by their predecessors. It causes difficulty for companies to make their long-term business plans.

Why do you think regional heads would do such a disturbing action?

It is no longer a secret that politicians in regions look for financing by selling mining permits to private companies. That condition has caused difficulty for companies because they are being used by the politicians just to win regional elections. Private companies can deal with that better, they can support one of the candidates and if the candidate wins, their operations can be safe. But for a state-owned enterprise [SOE] like Antam, the problem is mind-blowing. The SOE Minister Dahlan Iskan has repeatedly reminded that SOEs cannot get involved in politics by supporting a regent or mayor in any reason.

There are some regional heads who think that they do not get enough from minerals, and they have in their soil moreover after the implementation of the Regional Autonomy Law [in 2004] and soaring commodity prices. The pressure to mining companies has started to mount. For the regional heads who really think for the future of their regions and people, with pleasure, we will help them. We have no problem to support the regional administration programs. But for those who think in their own interests, who seek money for their political purposes, we cannot accommodate them.

What is the core of the problem? Is it the implementation of the regional autonomy?

I think that regional autonomy is principally good, but what I am most concerned with is the readiness of human resources in the regional administrations and the people in receiving the very great authority to manage their own regions. In some regions that have potential natural resources, the capability of regional government officials is very poor. For example, I met a head of the mining agency in a region who knew nothing about mining, he did not even know what safety standard should be applied if we wanted to open a new mining area. They mostly lack technical capability to work properly.

With that situation, what do you think the central government can do to maintain the country’s healthy
investment climate?

The government has been on the right track. I know it is impossible to take back the right to issue mining permits from regional heads, it can spark chaos. Thus, issuing the 2009 Minerals and Coal Law, which mandates companies to stop exporting metal ore in 2014, is the right policy. The government has also issued the 2012 ministerial regulation on the export ban to affirm the law. The two legal means aim to limit overexploitation on our natural resources, which in the end can limit regional heads seeking money from selling mining permits.

If regional administrations do not support the central government’s effort to reduce over-exploitation, it can cooperate with the customs agencies across the country and head of harbors to monitor all export activities and therefore the possibility of companies to illegally export raw materials. The Navy can also help in securing the sea.

Do you agree with the export ban policy?

I know there are many complaints from mining companies because there are not too many smelters available in the country. But, I think the regulation aims to become a form of shock therapy.

How about the planned export tax for raw material exports?

I have no problem with that, I believe it is the way of the government to control exports and add the value of our natural resources. Business wise, it will indeed add more burden to companies, but I think it is still bearable.

If the plan to build more smelters and add to the value of minerals is successful, how can the country benefit from increased revenues?

The mining sector now contributes around 5 percent to our gross domestic product (GDP). If the plan is successful, we can boost that percentage. An illustration. Bauxite ore is sold at around $25 per ton. A ton of bauxite can be processed into 0.5 ton of alumina.

A ton of alumina is worth $200 which means that a ton of bauxite ore, if it is processed into alumina, can earn $100. It is four times of the value of the ore. Moreover, if the alumina is processed into aluminum, 0.5 of alumina can be turned into 0.25 ton of aluminum. A ton of aluminum is $2,500, or $625 per 0.25 ton. It is 25 times of the ore’s value. You can imagine that.

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Indonesia to impose export tax on coal

The Jakarta Post | Sat, 04/28/2012 2:59 PM

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JAKARTA: Indonesia is to subject coal to an export tax to increase state revenues, prevent exploitation, protect the environment and maintain coal reserves, the Trade Ministry’s Director General of foreign trade Deddy Saleh said on Friday.

Indonesia said it would apply export taxes to other minerals, creating uncertainty in the country’s large mining sector, but until now it was unclear whether coal would be included.

“We have come to the conclusion that coal has to be subjected to export tax,” Deddy told reporters on Friday.

“We need to apply export tax on coal to prevent over exploitation, to maintain our coal reserve, to protect our environment and to increase state earnings,” he said

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No checks on coal exploitation

Hasyim Widhiarto, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Mon, 04/30/2012 12:49 PM

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Indonesia may be the world’s top coal exporter, but limitations in the supervision of coal mining may be placing the country at risk of massive financial losses and environmental damage, an investigative audit by the Supreme Audit Agency (BPK) has revealed.

The audit, a copy of which was obtained recently by The Jakarta Post, blamed the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry for failure to provide a set of decrees stipulating a mechanism on supervisions and sanctions for coal miners as mandated by the 2009 Minerals and Coal Law.

“This has undermined the government’s law enforcement measures and supervision toward mining activities,” said the audit report, which was submitted to the House of Representatives and President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono early this month.

“Miners committing violations have never received any sanctions, tempting them to repeat their violations and create potential state loses,” the audit said.

Although local administrations have the authority to issue several mining permits, a decree from the ministry is needed to ensure the administrations and miners comply with the law, according to the BPK.

The agency’s audit covered state budget management for the 2010 fiscal year and the first half of 2011, and was completed in December last year. The full report was only made public this month.

The audit covered coal mining activities and local administrations in South Kalimantan, East Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan. Kalimantan is the world’s largest exporter of thermal coal for power plants.

Due to the absence of supervision, the audit, for example, found 329 mining companies on the island had evaded paying royalties and permanent fees amounting to US$43.3 million and $10.4 million (Rp 94 billion) in the 2010 fiscal year alone.

On the environment side, the audit found that 43 mining companies had not fulfilled technical and financial guarantees related to compulsory reclamation and post-mining rehabilitation. Five miners in East Barito regency, Central Kalimantan, were even found to be
operating in a forest without a license.

“A failure by the companies to comply with environment regulations will cause problems that will eventually be a burden on regional and state budgets,” said the audit.

An executive with the Indonesian Forum for the Environment (Walhi), Mukri Friatna, said a clear regulation on supervision would allow the authority to immediately take action against mining companies that created environmental damage.

“There are more than 1,000 mining companies across the country that fail to comply with environment-related requirements,” Mukri said.

Indonesia, which exports 75 percent of its coal output, mostly to China and India, has been enjoying a “coal boom” in the last 10 years.

However, legal infrastructure and supervision mechanisms have failed to run at pace with exploitation, giving rise to substantial problems for not only environment and state revenue potential, but also for legal disputes between companies.

The BPK audit also highlighted several overlapping concessions in Kalimantan that were primarily caused by local administrations. As of March, only 40.5 percent of 10,235 listed companies had received legally “clear and clean” statuses for their concessions.

“To a certain extent, the central government must intervene in regional administrations on the issuance of mining permits to prevent any future disputes,” said Indonesian Resources Studies (Iress) chairman Marwan Batubara.

The ministry’s director general of mineral and coal, Thamrin Sihite, could not be reached for comment. However, in his official response to the BPK last November, Thamrin said the ministry was currently in the process of deliberating a ministerial decree on the matter that was aimed at addressing the supervision issue.

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KNPI Minta Permen ESDM No.7/2012 Dikaji

“Jangan sampai tidak bisa dilaksanakan di lapangan,” kata Taufan.

MINGGU, 22 APRIL 2012, 20:49 WIB
Aries Setiawan

Ketua Umum KNPI Taufan E.N. Rotorasiko

VIVAnews – Ketua Komite Nasional Pemuda Indonesia (KNPI) Taufan E.N. Rotorasiko menyayangkan tidak adanya pembahasan yang tuntas terkait Peraturan Menteri ESDM (Permen ESDM) No. 7 tahun 2012 tentang Peningkatan Nilai Tambah Melalui Kegiatan Pengolahan dan Pemurnian Mineral.

Menurutnya, sejak Permen ESDM tersebut dikeluarkan, banyak informasi dan perbedaan pendapat muncul di media massa. Namun, sayangnya, tidak ada yang sempat membahasnya secara tuntas.

“Padahal persoalan ini sangat strategis dan berdampak luas bagi usaha dan ketahanan nasional di Indonesia” ujar Taufan dalam keterangan persnya yang diterima VIVAnews, Minggu 22 April 2012.

Sejatinya Permen tersebut bertujuan baik, seperti juga rencana menaikan pajak eskpor tambang hingga 50% sebagai sasaran antara karena target utamanya adalah penghentian ekspor bahan mentah tambang pada 2014. Namun pelaksanaan Permen perlu pengkajian yang mendalam.

“Jangan sampai tidak bisa dilaksanakan di lapangan. Sebab, di sisi lain, para pengusaha pertambangan berkeberatan dengan permen ini,” ujar Taufan.

Dia menilai, bila permen ini dipaksakan akan membuat banyak perusahaan tambang berhenti beroperasi. Nasib para penambang rakyat, yang selama ini menjual ke pengusaha tambang juga akan menderita.

Fakta-fakta inilah yang menurutnya harus menjadi kajian strategis. Sehingga pemerintah justru bisa terjebak dengan misalnya masuknya mesin-mesin pabrik smelter bekas yang berpotensi merusak lingkungan, maupuin hasil tambang rakyat hanya disalurkan ke perusahan multi nasional milik asing.

Pabrik dan mesin bekas semelter yang merusak lingkungan dengan harga yang mahal akan masuk ke Indonesia. “Atau hanya perusahaan multinasional milik asing yang menikmati kebijakan ini dan pada akhirnya pengusaha dan bangsa Indonesia kembali terpuruk dengan kebijakan yang salah” tegas Taufan.

“Jangan sampai maksud baik pemerintah untuk memberdayakan Industri dalam negeri dan mendapatkan nilai tambah pada produk tambang dan membuka lapangan pekerjaan justru akan mendapatkan hal sebaliknya,” tuturnya.

Rencananya, KNPI akan menggelar seminar sehari terkait pertambangan, Rabu 25 April 2012 di gedung KNPI.

Akan hadir sejumlah pembicara antara lain; pakar mineral dan proses industri Professor DR Bambang Soeharso, Direktur Utama Aneka Tambang, Alwinsyah Lubis dan pengusaha Nikel Shelby Ikhsan Saleh,  serta Pakar Hukum Pertambangan,  DR Ade Ryad Chairi.

Hadir juga dari Kadin dan ahli hukum Chandra Motik serta  pakar resolusi konflik Agus Mudlya Natakusuma.

Diharapkan hasil seminar bisa menjadi acuan kebijakan bagi para pemangku kepentingan di bisnis tambang di Indonesia.
“Semoga bermanfaat, karena kami Insya Allah akan menindaklanjutinya. Supaya BUMN, BUMD, pengusaha menengah dan kecil bisa tumbuh dipertambangan serta masyarakat sekitar bisa ikut hidup menjadi lebih baik,” ujar ketua panitia seminar, Ali Muksin.

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Rabu, 02 Mei 2012

Komoditas Mineral Akan Kena Bea Keluar

Jakarta, Kompas – Pemerintah akan menerbitkan aturan bea keluar atas komoditas tambang mineral dalam bentuk bahan mentah pada 6 Mei 2012. Hal ini dilakukan untuk mengendalikan ekspor mineral dalam bentuk bahan mentah menjelang penerapan larangan ekspor komoditas tambang pada 2014.

Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (ESDM) Jero Wacik, seusai rapat koordinasi bidang perekonomian, Selasa (1/5), di Jakarta, menjelaskan, pemerintah akan mengumumkan mengenai bea keluar bijih mineral pada 6 Mei 2012. Untuk itu, pemerintah akan menerbitkan peraturan baru tentang bea keluar atas bahan mentah mineral itu dan aturan tersebut akan segera diberlakukan.

Aturan bea keluar itu menjadi klarifikasi atas Pasal 21 Peraturan Menteri ESDM Nomor 7 Tahun 2012 tentang Peningkatan Nilai Tambah Mineral Melalui Kegiatan Pengolahan dan Pemurnian Mineral. Pasal 21 Peraturan Menteri ESDM No 7/2012 itu mengatur, pemegang izin usaha pertambangan (IUP) operasi produksi dan izin pertambangan rakyat dilarang mengekspor bijih mineral paling lambat tiga bulan sejak berlakunya aturan atau mulai 6 Mei 2012.

Dengan aturan bea keluar yang baru, pelaku usaha pertambangan masih mempunyai hak untuk mengekspor bijih mineral sampai tahun 2014 sesuai amanat dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 4 Tahun 2009 tentang Pertambangan Mineral dan Batubara (UU Minerba). Akan tetapi, pemegang IUP itu harus terdaftar sebagai eksportir sehingga harus dikenai bea keluar.

Pemerintah akan mengenakan bea keluar untuk 14 jenis komoditas mineral, antara lain tembaga, emas, perak, timah, platinum, bauksit, bijih besi, nikel, dan mangan. Besaran persentase bea keluar itu beragam atau tidak sama antarkomoditas mineral.

Menteri Koordinator Perekonomian Hatta Rajasa menjelaskan, pemerintah wajib melaksanakan amanat UU Minerba. ”Kami harus mengendalikan ekspor agar terkendali, tidak boleh jorjoran. Mereka tidak boleh mengeksploitasi berlebihan, produksi berlebihan, karena dapat merusak lingkungan,” katanya.

Secara terpisah, Ketua Asosiasi Timah Indonesia Hidayat Arsani mengatakan, pertumbuhan industri pengolahan mineral dalam negeri harus didukung. Industri pengolahan, setidaknya untuk peleburan awal, bisa didirikan dalam waktu singkat. ”Bangka Belitung sudah membuktikannya dengan timah,” ujar Hidayat.

Sekarang ada 28 perusahaan peleburan aktif di Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. (EVY/RAZ)

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Pemerintah Pungut Bea Keluar 14 Komoditas Tambang

Media Indonesia, 02 Mei 2012

PEMERINTAH akan mengenakan bea keluar terhadap 14 komoditas tambang mulai bulan ini untuk mengendalikan ekspor barang tambang, sekaligus mendorong penghiliran.

Seusai rapat di Kementeri an Perekonomian, kemarin, Menteri ESDM Jero Wacik mengatakan besaran bea keluar masih dibahas. Pengumuman resmi sebelum 6 Mei 2012.

Adapun ke-14 komoditas tambang yang terkena bea keluar ialah tembaga, emas, perak, timah, timbal, kromium, platinum, bauksit, bijih besi, pasir besi, nikel, molibdenum, mangan, dan antimon. Besaran bea keluar diperkirakan 20%

50%, di antaranya tembaga 20% dan bauksit 50%.

Sesuai dengan Peraturan Menteri ESDM No 7/2012, perusahaan tambang dilarang mengekspor bijih mineral paling lambat 6 Mei 2012. Namun, jika sudah menyerahkan rencana kerja pembangunan pengolahan dan pemurnian sebelum 2014, menandata ngani pakta integritas, dan tidak bermasalah, perusahaan boleh mengekspor dengan dikenai bea keluar. Adapun Permen ESDM 7/2012 didasari UU No 4/1999 tentang Minerba yang mengamanatkan pengolahan tambang mineral dan batu bara di dalam negeri paling lambat

2014, atau berarti pelarangan ekspor setelah 2014.

Menko Perekonomian Hatta Rajasa menambahkan, dengan aturan itu, pelaku industri diharapkan mengem bang kan smelter di dalam ne geri.

Dari catatan Badan Pusat Statistik, porsi ekspor produk pertambangan dan lainnya selama Januari-Maret 2012 mencapai 16,82%. Pertumbuh annya ketimbang periode serupa di 2012 (year on year/yoy) ialah 9,31%, atau tertinggi di antara sektor nonmigas lain.

Secara kumulatif, ekspor nasional triwulan I 2012 naik 6,93% (yoy) mencapai US$48,53 miliar. Adapun ekspor selama

Maret ialah US$17,27 miliar. Di lain hal, impor nasional triwulan I 2012 US$45,85 miliar, naik 18,18% (yoy). Adapun impor Maret US$16,43 miliar.

Dengan kinerja ekspor-impor itu, neraca perdagangan Indonesia surplus US$2,68 miliar sepanjang triwulan pertama.

Adapun surplus perdagangan Maret 2012 US$840 juta, atau menguat dari surplus sebulan sebelumnya, US$692,8 juta.

Kepala Ekonom Bank Danamon Anton Gunawan berpendapat laju ekspor yang lebih rendah ketimbang impor menunjukkan tidak ada perbaikan di dari sisi permintaan eksternal. (Atp/Mrc/AI/E-2)

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Aturan Bea Keluar Tambang Terbit Pekan Depan

Bea keluar berkisar 20-50 persen.

Pemerintah akan menerbitkan peraturan teknis soal kebijakan bea keluar untuk barang tambang pada pekan depan. Menteri Koordinator Perekonomian Hatta Rajasa menyatakan pungutan tarif ini sesuai dengan amanat Undang-Undang No.

4 Tahun 2009 tentang Mineral dan Batu Bara, yang melarang ekspor barang tambang secara mentah mulai 2014. “Untuk itu, dilakukan pengaturan.

Rencananya nanti 6 Mei,” ujarnya kemarin.

Perusahaan-perusahaan tambang akan diminta meneken pakta integritas yang mewajibkan mereka mengembangkan sektor hilir untuk meningkatkan nilai tambah pertambangan. Beleid ini akan berlaku untuk bahan tambang mineral terlebih dulu. “Batu bara belum, itu nanti diatur sendiri,”ujarnya.

Sebanyak 14 mineral yang akan dikenai bea keluar adalah tembaga, emas, perak, timah, timbel, kromium, molibdenum, platinum, bauksit, biji besi, pasir

besi, nikel, mangan, dan antimon.

Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Jero Wacik mengimbuhkan, pemungutan bea keluar ini ditujukan untuk menaikkan nilai tambah bahan tambang di dalam negeri. Adapun bea keluar yang akan dikenakan berkisar 20 hingga 50 persen, tergantung jenis mineral.

Sebelumnya, Kementerian Energi telah menerbitkan Peraturan Menteri No.

7 Tahun 2012 tentang Peningkatan Nilai Tambah Mineral Melalui Kegiatan Pengolahan dan Pemurnian Mineral. Beleid ini mewajibkan seluruh usaha tambang sektor mineral mengolah dan memurnikan hasil tambang di dalam negeri dan dilarang mengekspor hasil tambang mentah. Selain mengenakan bea keluar, aturan itu akan mewajibkan perusahaan tambang menjaga lingkungan.

Pemerintah pun bakal membenahi administrasi tata niaga pertambangan. Beberapa syarat administratif yang harus dipenuhi, di antaranya, syarat penambang yang harus terdaftar, dan penambang harus melaksanakan kewajibannya dengan

menyetor royalti ataupun pendapatan negara bukan pajak.

Hal ini merujuk pada data pemerintah yang menyebutkan banyak eksportir tambang yang memiliki masalah pada lahannya. “Kalau tidak clean and clear, dilarang eksploitasi, eksplorasi, ataupun ekspor,“kata Hatta.

Direktur Eksekutif Asosiasi Pertambangan Indonesia, Syahrir A.B., menilai aturan itu akan membingungkan bagi pengusaha tambang dan menimbulkan ketidakpastian hukum. Pasalnya, beleid yang mengatur bea keluar itu artinya membolehkan pengusaha mengekspor tambang mentah. Hal ini bertentangan dengan Peraturan Menteri Nomor 7 Tahun 2012, yang intinya melarang ekspor barang tambang mentah.

Apalagi perusahaan tambang masih terbagi atas kontrak karya dan izin usaha pertambangan (IUP).
Berdasarkan peraturan, kontrak karya masih diperbolehkan mengekspor hingga 2014 karena faktor pertimbangan kontrak jangka panjang dan IUP hanya diberi kesempatan hingga Mei ini.

GUSTIDHA BUDIARTIE | RR ARIYANI

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Govt to slap export tax on 14 mineral commodities

Rangga D. Fadillah, The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Wed, 05/02/2012 8:20 AM

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Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Jero Wacik on Tuesday announced 14 mineral commodities that will become subject to export tax, varying between 20 and 50 percent, if sold in the form of ore.

The official policy on the tax will be announced on May 6 and followed by the issuance of a new regulation to legally implement the policy, he said.

The 14 commodities are copper, gold, silver, tin, lead, chromium, molybdenum, platinum, bauxite, iron ore, iron sand, nickel, manganese and antimony.

Coordinating Economic Minister Hatta Rajasa also revealed the implementation of the export tax was not intended to increase the country’s revenues, but was rather meant to be a disincentive so that mining companies did not sell their commodities in the form of ore.

“We want miners to process and refine the ore in the country and therefore stimulate the construction of more smelters here,” he told reporters after a coordination meeting at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry in Jakarta.

The 2009 law on Minerals and Coal stipulates that in 2014 all mining companies in Indonesia will be prohibited from exporting raw materials. To prevent overexploitation of the country’s natural resources and excessive environmental hazards before 2014, the government plans to apply the export tax.

“We want to control the exploitation of our natural resources, we don’t want companies to exploit them excessively,” Hatta explained. The Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry also issued a ministerial regulation in February saying that all mining permit (IUP) holders must stop exporting raw materials by May 7, three months after the regulation is enacted.

However, after a wave of protests from mining companies, the government said companies could still export metal ore if they fulfilled three requirements.

The requirements are that their licenses must be clean and clear, they have to sign integrity pacts agreeing that in 2014 they must stop exporting metal ore (as mandated by the 2009 law) and lastly, they must submit a comprehensive proposal on whether they want to build their own smelters, make consortium with other companies to jointly build smelters, or sell their raw materials to smelting companies in
the country.

The executive director of the Indonesian Mining Association (IMA), Syahrir Abubakar, said the export tax regulation would create legal uncertainty and confusion among mining companies because the ministerial regulation banned raw material exports in May, but the export tax implied that exports were still allowed.

“If we’re prohibited from exporting raw materials in May, why should the government apply export tax,” he said.

“If the government wants to implement the export tax, it has to revoke the ministerial regulation first so the legal basis is clear,” he continued.

Komaidi Notonegoro, a mining expert from the ReforMiner Institute, argued the export tax might be good to limit exports and exploitation, but that the government had to ensure that the domestic market had to be able to absorb raw materials while waiting for more smelters to be constructed in the country.

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Permen ESDM No 7 Tahun 2012 dapat Memicu Konflik

Rabu, 2 Mei 2012 11:05 WIB

TRIBUNNEWS.COM,JAKARTA–Direktur Eeksekutif Indosolution Agus Muldya mengingatkan ketidakjelasan penerapan Permen ESDM No 7 dapat menimbulkan konflik sosial.
Menurut Agus muldya, Bea Cukai Sulawesi Selatan sudah mengeluarkan aturan larangan ekspor tambang kepada seluruh pengusaha.

“Empat hari lalu, saya menemukan surat dari bea cukai Poso akhir April. Tertulis, sejak 3 bulan Permen No 7 tahun 2012, maka larangan export sudah berlaku dan ada ancaman sanksi bagi yang tetap mengekspor,” ungkapnya, Rabu (2/5/2012).

Pemerintah, katanya, seharusnya memperhitungkan banyaknya pengangguran jika pertambangan tutup. Termasuk, usaha rakyat di sekeliling tambang dan usaha terkait lainnya. Selain itu, banyak para penambang rakyat yang harus diperhatikan

“Pejabat di tingkat pusat sering lupa bahwa ada tambang rakyat juga. Ini, jumlahnya luar biasa banyak karena saat ini yang bereaksi di Sulawesi dan Indonesia Timur. Belum lagi di Kalimantan juga banyak termasuk Sumatera dan Jawa. Bisa jadi, rakyat yang terusik tidak perlu lagi menyampaikan aspirasi , tetapi kalau langsung men amuk,bagainana? Agus mengingatkan.

Ketidakjelasan permen ini, katanya lagi, bisa menjadi malapetaka bagi semua. Bagi pengusaha, meski baru punya ijin, sudah mengeluarkan miliaran rupiah. Agus mengungkapkan, bupati atau gubernur yang baru menjabat di daerah penghasil tambang hampir pasti atau merugi jika melaksanakan permen ESDM No 7 tahun 2012.

“Sebab, akan mengebiri penghasilan rutin untuk pendapatan daerah termasuk tertutupnya peluang usaha dan pekerjaan bagi penduduknya. Di sisi lain, gubernur dan bupati yang akan habis masa tugasnya bisa, memanfaatkan permen ESDM No 7 tahun 2012 sebagai posisi tawar untuk mendapatkan dana pemenangan pilkada. Atau, untuk pensiunnya jika sudah tidak bisa mencalonkan kembali,” paparnya.

Permen ESDM No 7 tahun 2012 ini, kata Agus lagi, bisa jadi alat pemerasan yang dibungkus nasionalisme. Apalagi, jika dibiarkan dan tergantung interpretasi dan implementasi masing masing daerah dan dibiarkan diberlakukan begitu saja tanpa penjelasan dan sosialisasi, serta revisi atas masukan stake holder pertambangan,akan berbahaya.

Penulis: Rachmat Hidayat

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Peraturan Menteri ESDM Resahkan Pengusaha Pertambangan

Minggu, 11 Maret 2012 11:42 WIB

TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – Pelaku usaha pertambangan mineral Indonesia bersama pejabat perangkat daerah kabupaten/kota dan provinsi meminta kepada pemerintah untuk menunda pemberlakuan Peraturan Menteri Energi Sumber Daya Mineral (Permen ESDM) No.7 tahun 2012.

Permen tentang Peningkatan Nilai Tambah Mineral melalui kegiatan Pengolahan dan Pemurnian Mineral itu dipandang bertentangan dengan berbagai peraturan perundang-undangan yang kedudukannya lebih tinggi. Pasal-pasal yang bertentangan minta dicabut dalam waktu tiga hari kerja.

“Apabila diabaikan kami baik secara bersama-sama maupun sendiri-sendiri akan menempuh tindakan hukum sesuai ketentuan perundangan-undangan yang berlaku,” tegas Ketua Umum Asosiasi Nikel Indonesia, Shelby Ihsan Saleh, Minggu (11/3/2012).

Pelaku usaha dan perangkat daerah menilai telah terjadi usaha untuk mengkooptasi berbagai kewenangan Pemerintah daerah menjadi kewenangan pemerintah pusat. Hal ini dipandang bertentangan dengan azas, tujuan, dan prinsip Otonomi Daerah berdasarkan Undang-undang (UU) Nomor 32 tahun 2004 tentang Pemerintah Daerah.

Penulis: Adiatmaputra Fajar Pratama

Editor: Dewi Agustina
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Bupati Sinjai: Permen Pertambahan Nilai Mineral Cacat Hukum

Minggu, 11 Maret 2012 14:49 WIB

TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA - Peraturan Menteri (Permen) Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (Permen ESDM) No. 07 tahun 2012 tentang Nilai Tambah Mineral dianggap bertentangan dengan peraturan perundang-undangan dari Pemerintah Daerah.

Dengan adanya Permen tersebut, banyak bupati daerah menolak keras dan mengirimkan surat kepada Pemerintah pusat mengenai penolakan tersebut.

Bupati Sinjai, Sulawesi Selatan, Andi Rudianto Asapa menilai Permen tersebut telah cacat hukum. Pasalnya Permen tersebut telah melangkahi undang-undang Pemda.

“Peraturan Menteri ini cacat hukum, beberapa kabupaten tidak setuju, karena peraturan daerah lebih tinggi daripada peraturan menteri,”ujar Andi Rudianto, di acara bedah Permen oleh Asosiasi Nikel Indonesia (ANI), di Hotel Grand Melia, Minggu (11/3/2012).

Dengan adanya Permen, banyak daerah-daerah yang tak mau melaksanakan keputusan dari pemerintah pusat. Pada akhirnya banyak Pemerintah yang mogok dan tidak mengeksport hasil tambang mereka.

“Pemda dari Kalimantan Timur, sekarang mereka mundur karena tak bisa dijalankan. Kalau semua berlomba keluar, pendapatan negara dari eksport patut dipertanyakan,” ungkap Andi.

Penulis: Adiatmaputra Fajar Pratama
Editor: Hendra Gunawan
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Berpotensi Timbulkan PHK, Apemindo Tolak Permen ESDM 07/2012

Jumat, 16 Maret 2012 09:10 WIB

Laporan Wartawan Tribunnews.com, Hasanuddin Aco

TRIBUNNEWS.COM, JAKARTA – Sehubungan dengan terbitnya Peraturan Menteri ESDM Nomor 07 Tahun 2012 tentang Peningkatan Nilai Tambah Mineral melalui kegiatan Pengolahan dan Pemurnian Mineral. Pengusaha Mineral Indonesia pada bulan Februari 2012 sepakat menyatukan kekuatan bersama membentuk Asosiasi Pengusaha Mineral Indonesia (APEMINDO) dengan langkah kerja jangka pendeknya adalah menentukan sikap menolak Peraturan Menteri ESDM Nomor 07 Tahun 2012.

Penolakan keras tersebut dilakukan karena APEMINDO menilai peraturan tersebut telah menimbulkan dampak yang cukup besar terhadap sosial ekonomi masyarakat khususnya para pengusaha mineral di Indonesia.

Setelah melalui berbagai diskusi dan pengkajian mendalam di internal APEMINDO maupun dengan kalangan pejabat di daerah dan masyarakat serta menelaah berbagai penjelasan maupun sosialisasi dari Direktorat Jenderal Mineral dan Batubara Kementerian ESDM maka sampai pada satu kesimpulan bahwa peraturan ini tidaklah tepat dan dapat merugikan banyak pihak.

“Akan terjadi PHK besar-besaran yang menurut data kami kurang lebih 20000 (dua puluh ribu) tenaga kerja. Pendapatan masyarakat sekitar usaha pertambangan juga menjadi hilang,” ujar Steering Committee APEMINDO, Poltak Sitanggang dalam siaran persnya, Jumat(16/3/2012).

Tidak hanya itu, Poltak melihat pula devisa negara serta pendapatan anggaran daerah bverpotensi hilang. Perusahaan-perusahaan supplier penunjang seperti alat-alat berat, catering, konsultan dan lain sebagainya juga terancam diputus.

“Akan terjadi monopoli usaha yang terindikasi menguntungkan pihak asing,” kata Poltak.

Pada dasarnya lanjut Poltak sebagai pengusaha nasional yang harus mengedepankan kepentingan Negara dan Bangsa diatas segalanya, APEMINDO tidak merasa keberatan dan mendukung penuh upaya peningkatan nilai tambah mineral seperti yang termaktub dalam Undang-Undang. Dalam Undang Undang disebutkan bahwa tahun 2014 adalah batas waktu akhir yang ditentukan bagi Pengusaha Mineral untuk melaksanakan perintah UU melakukan peningkatan nilai tambah.

Namun dengan terbitnya Permen 07/2012 yang hanya memberi  jangka waktu 3 bulan terhitung hingga 6 Mei 2012 ini, kepada para pengusaha nasional yang merupakan pemegang Izin Usaha Pertambangan dan Izin Pertambangan Rakyat (bukan Kontrak Karya, karena Kontrak Karya tidak diatur oleh Permen ini) maka kami menganggap peraturan ini telah mengkebiri kesempatan para pengusaha nasional untuk bersama-sama mengelola hasil kekayaan alam negeri ini.

“APEMINDO dengan tegas menyatakan keberatan terkait Peraturan Menteri ESDM 07 tahun 2012. Untuk itu kami mengajak pemerintah duduk bersama untuk meninjau ulang, merevisi ataupun membuat sesuatu yang lebih baik yang selalu menguntungkan pemerintah ataupun pengusaha mineral. Kami juga menghimbau pemerintah untuk mengikut sertakan elemen pengusaha nasional dalam menentukan dalam menentukan arah kebijakan industry mineral di negeri ini,” pungkasnya.

Penulis: Hasanudin Aco
Editor: Willy Widianto
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Pajak Ekspor – Lima Komoditas Mineral Dikenai Bea Keluar
Seputar Indonesia, Thursday, 03 May 2012
JAKARTA– Kementerian Perindustrian (Kemenperin) mengharapkan bea keluar ekspor bisa diterapkan pada lima jenis komoditas bahan baku mineral terlebih dahulu.

Menteri Perindustrian MS Hidayat menjelaskan, kelima jenis komoditas tersebut adalah nikel, tembaga,iron ore,iron sand,dan bauksit. “Undang-Undang Minerba yang disahkan pada 2009 (menyebutkan) pada intinya di akhir 2014 akan ada industrialisasi atau pemurnian atau smelting dari bahan baku mineral. Ada 14 mineral,tetapi yang utama nikel,tembaga,iron ore,iron sand, dan bauksit. Kalau batu bara sudah terikat kontrak karya,” kata Hidayat di kantornya, Jakarta,kemarin.

Dia menambahkan,dia bersama sejumlah menteri terkait telah membahas masalah tersebut pada rapat yang dipimpin oleh Menko Perekonomian Hatta Rajasa. Hidayat mengungkapkan, pada Jumat (4/5) malam masalah tersebut akan diumumkan oleh Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (ESDM) Jero Wacik, dilanjutkan keluarnya peraturan menteri pada 6 Mei. Dalam ketentuan itu, kata dia, semua investor konsesi tambang harus membuat business proposal.

“Agar mereka bisa merealisasi refinery, atau smelter, atau pemurnian, yang mau dilakukan 2014 sesuai undang-undang.Kementerian ESDM menyatakan sudah mengajukan 50 aplikasi proposal untuk membuat smelter,” kata Hidayat. Dia mengatakan, pembangunan smelter bisa dilakukan melalui konsorsium.Lebih lanjut Hidayat mengatakan,dalam rapat tersebut juga dibahas mengenai kemungkinan izin tambang emas dipegang oleh BUMN.

Adapun besaran bea keluar, bergantung pada intensitas eksplorasi besar-besaran yang dilakukan terutama untuk sejumlah komoditas tertentu seperti iron oredan nikel. “Lima produk yang saya sebut, sejak 2008 sampai 2011, kenaikan ekspornya rata-rata 500–800%, berarti di atas kewajaran. Jadi, kita tentu akan coba menghambat, diberi insentif lah agar tidak jorjoran. Kalau bea keluarnya sudah dibuat variannya,dan tentu akan diumumkan oleh Jero Wacik,” paparnya.

Wakil Ketua Umum Kamar Dagang dan Industri (Kadin) Bidang Organisasi,Keanggotaan, Pemberdayaan Daerah,dan Tata Kelola Perusahaan Anindya Bakrie sebelumnya mengatakan, kebijakan pelarangan ekspor bahan baku mineral jangan sampai mengganggu investasi dari perusahaan yang sudah berdiri di Indonesia, terutama perusahaan yang sudah go public.

“Tapi kalau saya mikirnya gini aja,bahwa kita ini percaya sebagai pengusaha Indonesia ini tidak bisa hanya mengekspor bahan mentah.Yang dibutuhkan di Indonesia,karena pangsanya juga sudah ada, bangun power plant lah, alumina, bauksit, itu benar. Nah, saya rasa cuma timing-nya itu bisa dibicarakan dan caranya, karena yang penting tujuannya,” katanya. sandra karina

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Pushing ahead with the need for mining reclamation efforts

Simon A. Panggabean, Contributor, Jakarta | Thu, 05/03/2012 8:03 AM
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Weak implementation of the law in Indonesia has never completely resolved the environmental and reclamation problems in the mining sector. The government is urged to be firm in the upholding of laws over acts that are not in line with good mining practices.

“The new paradigm in the future of mining is based on the sustained environmental concept. The government and the mining companies should be in synergy to manage the mining sector using the principles of conservation, environment and added values,” Mining Community Presidium in Indonesia chairman Herman Afif Kusumo said on Monday.

He referred to Law No. 4 issued in 2009 that specifically states that mining companies must maintain good practices of environmental management. He also said that legal action should be taken against companies that were disobedient, with firm and fair actions.

“Mining companies should also enhance their commitments related to the reclamation and improvement of areas after mining activities are completed,” said Herman, who is also an advisory board member for the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

He stated that mining companies were never hindered from carrying out reclamation projects, contending that some firms were not being totally truthful when saying that the government or communities caused problems on the issue.

“I emphasize there is no reason at all for not doing reclamation. They have gained large profits from the mining business in Indonesia. So, it is absolutely natural that they have the obligation to implement reclamation,” he said.

Meanwhile, PT Adaro Energy corporate secretary Devindra Ratzarwin said that reclamation and rehabilitation of used mining land was the responsibility of all mining companies, including his own, without exception.

He said that the company’s reclamation is meant to make use of the land for better ecological and economical functions. Adaro also included other important aspects such as matching the use of the land in line with its useful economic potential following mining.

“To support our reclamation activities, we have our own nursery with a production capacity for 70,000 to 130,000 seeds,” he said.

In addition, he said, Adaro also uses hydroseeding technology to speed up the covering of land, spreading seeds on slanting and difficult to reach areas, allowing for faster growth and helping to manage land erosion.

He said the company implemented reclamation projects in line with the law and they proceeded well, with some areas now featuring the cultivation of plants, fisheries and camping sites. An example is the Paringin mining area.

The Paringin forest is currently used as a research model of forest reclamation, in collaboration with the Forestry Research Agency (BPK) Banjarbaru. They also collaborate with the Indonesian Science Board (LIPI Limnologi) to use the water from the former mine to farm galah prawns and nila fish for the benefit of local communities.

Davindra admitted that there were often obstructions in carrying out reclamation, such as the lack of top-soil following mining activities. However, Adaro solved the problem by using certain reclamation technologies to speed up land fertility.

Adaro has cattle husbandry and it uses the bio-urine and bioculture from both urine and manure to make the land fertile and reduce the use of chemical fertilizers.

“Commitment to the environment is an integral part of the mining company’s operations and everyone in the company should be aware of this. Through good environmental management, mining companies can minimize the damage to the environment,” he said.

Meanwhile R. Utoro, CEO of PT Kaltim Prima Coal (KPC) said the company’s reclamation process has been very commendable. “It means that after mining out, there is immediate reclamation without waiting for the entire areas to be complete. The year-to-date percentage of reclamation compared with the disrupted areas due to mining activities of KPC is only 27 percent and will keep on improving in the next three years when all pits are operating actively,” he said.

He said KPC did not face serious obstructions in its reclamation programs because mine closure was part of its long term plan.

KPC, added Utoro, is the first coal mining operation in Indonesia that has received the permit for mining closure and is used as the base for reclamation.

According to the regulation, a company with a permit for mining closure must in two years make a payment for reclamation costs through a deposit equal to the value of the area for reclamation before the mining activities are over.

“The deposit can be paid in stages according to the regulation and must be settled before the mining activities are completed. The money is subsequently used for reclamation costs, which is reimbursed as per the completed stages and after the reclamation is implemented,” he explained.

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The golden age of RI’s coal industry

I. Christianto, Contributor, Jakarta | Thu, 05/03/2012 8:04 AM
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Having a substantial part of the remaining global coal reserves and being one of the world’s top coal exporters, Indonesia sees the coal industry as a precious asset. But over-exploitation and exporting could provide for an unpleasant future.

Some might see this as a golden age for Indonesia’s coal mining industry. The country is currently the world’s largest thermal coal exporter as most countries in Asia, with their own poor coal reserves, snap up the commodity from Indonesia to fuel their power plants.

The surge in coal demand has not only happened in China and India, the two biggest markets for Indonesia, but also within the nation itself. Just like these two important coal-importing countries, Indonesia is now busy developing dozens of coal-fired power plants to meet a growing demand for electricity.

Indonesia is now playing a significant role in development of Asia as the new global economic center through its robust economic growth and coal supplies. The country holds up to 108 billion tons of coal resources, in which the coal reserves are estimated at 21 billion tons, located in South Sumatra, East Kalimantan and South Kalimantan.

Last year about 248 million tons, or some 78 percent of Indonesian coal production, were exported, according to data from the 109-member Indonesian Coal Mining Association (ICMA). The five largest customers for Indonesian coal were China and India, which each imported 40 million tons, as well as South Korea, Japan and Taiwan.

Data from the association shows that coal production by its member companies in 2011 reached 245.46 million tons, up from 236.28 million tons in 2010. The highest producers in 2011 included PT Adaro Indonesia (47.76 million tons), PT Kaltim Prima Coal (40.32 million tons), PT Kideko Jaya Agung (31.619 million tons), PT Arutmin Indonesia (21.99 million tons) and PT Berau Coal (18.94 million tons). Of the association’s total production in 2011, 31.69 million tons went to the domestic market, which was up by 16 percent from 27.249 million tons in 2010.

In the first quarter of this year, coal production in Indonesia reached 90 million tons, of which 67.5 million tons were exported, according to director of coal mining and development at the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, Edi Prasodjo. He said the government expected coal production to reach 332 million tons this year, of which 250 million tons would be exported.

Many players in the coal sector in Indonesia are enjoying a boom. One of the country’s largest coal miners, PT Adaro Energy, has reported a 12 percent growth in net income to US$122 million in the first quarter of this year. A state-owned firm that is also a publicly-listed coal producer, PT Tambang Batubara Bukit Asam, also announced a 14 percent rise in net profits to Rp 867.35 billion in the first quarter of the year from Rp 760.33 billion in the same period last year.

Energy company PT ABM Investama announced that its subsidiary had secured new sales contracts with AVRA Commodities Ltd. for the sale of 935,000 tons of coal graded at 5,500 kilocalories. Meanwhile, the state-run mining company PT Aneka Tambang (Antam) has also expanded its business by entering the coal business. Antam has allocated between US$450 and 500 million for optimization and modernization as well as a coal-power plant development project.

The vast exploitation and expansion of coal, however, could have potential negative implication on the economy according to the government. Indonesia is one of the world’s largest coal producers with some 5 percent of the global coal-market share. The life of Indonesian coal reserves, however, is only 18 years, according to data from the London-based World Coal Association.

As part of efforts to maintain the coal reserves and protect the environment, the government is mulling imposing a coal-export tax designed to increase state revenues and to ensure enough coal to meet domestic demand. The export tax proposal is in line with Law No. 4/2009 on minerals and coal, which prohibits companies exporting some mining commodities.

Major mining companies have said that the new regulations will actually have no impact on their operations as they operate under contracts that are decades old and contain articles and clauses that are difficult to change. The major players in the sector have also predicted that the export tax on coal will not be imposed until the end of this year.

“It is unlikely it will be imposed this year,” said a senior manager at a leading coal producer who declined to be named. He said he did not have any idea on the rates of the proposed tax, but an earlier proposal of 25 percent was circulated when the plan was first suggested by the Industry Ministry.

With or without an export tax, measures to add value to the nation’s rich natural resources and also preserve the environment will hopefully be achieved.

Investing today, benefiting tomorrow

The year 2012 is the right time for publicly listed PT ANTAM (Antam) to reach new heights in its business operations. Its preparation for growth is supported by the company’s consistently increasing performance.

T he performance of this leading mining company in Indonesia continues to shine. In the first quarter of 2012 (1Q12) the company has recorded an increase in net profit by 9 percent to 4,402 TNi compared to 2,209 TNi the same period last year.

The increase in net profit is due to growth in the sales volume of Antam’s main commodities, namely ferronickel, nickel ore and gold.

The production volume of ferronickel during 1Q12 totaled to 3,631 tonnes of nickel contained in ferronickel (TNi), down 25 percent compared to 1Q11’s production tonnage of 4,836 TNi.

Likewise, the performance of nickel ore reached 2,118,473 wmt of nickel ore in 1Q12, which consisted of 1,418,989 wmt of high grade nickel ore and 699,484 wmt of low grade nickel ore. The production achievement showed a 5 percent increase over the 1Q11’s production volume of 2,008,148 wmt , in line with the period’s prolonged high demand of nickel ore.

Meanwhile, gold production achievements during 1Q12 decreased by 3 percent from 588 kg in 1Q11 to 570 kg in 1Q12. The gold production degradation in 1Q12 was chiefly caused by the decreasing gold content of the gold ore mined.

Antam has also started the construction of two major projects that have added value, namely Chemical Grade Alumina Tayan Project, valued at US$450 million, and East Halmahera Ferronickel Project at the value of US$1.6 billion. In 2012 Antam will continue to focus on these two projects.

The modernization and optimization of the FeNi II plant which was started in the middle of January 2012 was completed on April 12, much earlier than scheduled and at a more efficient cost. The progress of growing project construction reflects the solid position of Antam in manufacturing and purification of minerals with added value.

Antam is also continuing its social investment through a number of corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs. Such commitment of the company is implemented through social management covering Partnership and Environmental Care Programs, as well as community development and consistent management of the environment.

One such environmental care is the planting of over one million seeds of trees in 2011, which is Antam’s annual program for nature preservation. In addition, through disbursement of loans or financing, Antam also supports 601 guided partners in 2011 as the company’s effort to support the community economy in its area.

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INVESTASI

Jepang Tanya Bea Keluar Mineral

Jakarta, Kompas – Sebanyak 15 pengusaha Jepang mulai mempertanyakan sejumlah persoalan penting yang menyangkut regulasi pemerintah. Salah satunya adalah soal akan terbitnya Peraturan Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral yang mengatur besaran bea keluar atas 14 komoditas mineral.

Menteri Perindustrian MS Hidayat mengungkapkan persoalan yang mengusik pengusaha Jepang tersebut seusai menerima kunjungan kerja ke Kantor Kementerian Perindustrian di Jakarta, Rabu (2/5). Delegasi Jepang yang berjumlah 15 orang itu dipimpin oleh Director of Forward Policy Study Mission of Liberal Democratic Party Taku Yamasaki.

Pemerintah akan menerbitkan aturan bea keluar atas 14 komoditas tambang mineral dalam bentuk bahan mentah pada 6 Mei 2012. Hal itu dilakukan untuk mengendalikan ekspor mineral dalam bentuk bahan mentah menjelang penerapan larangan ekspor komoditas tambang tahun 2014 (Kompas, 2/5).

”Atas pertanyaan UU Minerba (Undang-Undang Nomor 4 Tahun 2009 tentang Pertambangan Mineral dan Batubara), saya menyebutkan UU Minerba telah disahkan tahun 2009. Pada intinya, akhir tahun 2014 akan ada industrialisasi pemurnian mineral,” kata Hidayat.

Menurut Hidayat, pemerintah menetapkan 14 jenis mineral, tetapi yang diutamakan adalah nikel, tembaga, bijih besi, dan bauksit. ”Dari empat produk mineral itu, sejak tahun 2008-2012, kenaikan ekspor bahan mentah ini mencapai 500-800 persen. Ini sudah berada di atas batas kewajaran,” ujar Hidayat.

Pada 4 Mei 2012, Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral Jero Wacik direncanakan mengumumkan kebijakan mineral dalam bentuk peraturan menteri. Peraturan menteri ini akan berisi ketentuan bagi investor, yang memiliki konsesi pertambangan, membuat proposal bisnis. Proposal itu berisi realisasi pemurnian hasil tambang yang akan dilakukan tahun 2014.

Direktur Jenderal Kerja Sama Industri Internasional Kementerian Perindustrian Agus Tjahajana mengatakan, delegasi Jepang tidak mengungkapkan besaran investasi yang akan ditanamkan di Indonesia. Biasanya, pengusaha Jepang masuk secara perlahan dengan melihat terlebih dahulu regulasinya.

Selain bea keluar mineral, hal lain yang dibicarakan dengan delegasi Jepang adalah soal kepastian pasokan gas dan perjanjian perdagangan bebas. (OSA)

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Larangan Ekspor Tambang Berlaku – Monday, 07 May 2012

Aturan larangan ekspor mineral mentah yang tertuang dalam Permen ESDM Nomor 7 Tahun 2012 berlaku efektif kemarin (6/5). Menteri Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (ESDM) Jero Wacik mengatakan, perusahaanperusahaan tambang dilarang mengekspor 14 jenis mineral mentah.

“Perusahaan akan dikenakan bea keluar flat sebesar 20% pada setiap jenis mineral,” ujarnya usai Konferensi Pers tentang Pembatasan BBM Bersubsidi di Kantor Kementerian ESDM,Jakarta,Jumat (4/5) lalu. Menurutnya, komoditas mineral yang akan dikenakan bea keluar adalah tembaga, emas,perak,timah,timbal,kromium, molybdenum, platinum, bauksit, bijih besi, pasir besi, nikel,mangan,dan antimon.Namun, pemerintah masih membuka ruang bagi perusahaan untuk mengekspor 14 jenis mineral tersebut jika sanggup memenuhi lima persyaratan yang telah ditetapkan pemerintah.“ Pertama, perusahaan itu harus dapat sertifikat clean dan clear dari Ditjen Minerba Kementerian ESDM. Kedua, Perusahaan harus melunasi kewajiban pajak dan nonpajak.

Dengan syarat perusahaan tersebut harus menyampaikan rencana mengenai pengolahan dan pemurnian di dalam negeri.Perusahaan juga harus menandatangani pakta integritas untuk menjaga lingkungan dan berjanji tahun 2014 berhenti total mengekspor bahan mineral mentah. “Terakhir,akan dikenakan bea keluar dengan ketentuan pemerintah, jumlahnya rata-rata 20%,”katanya. ●nanang wijayanto

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Kadin Dukung Bea Keluar Tambang -Tuesday, 08 May 2012
Kamar Dagang dan Industri Indonesia (Kadin) mendukung kebijakan pemerintah menetapkan bea keluar sebesar 20% atas ekspor 14 jenis bahan tambang mineral dalam bentuk mentah.

Peraturan yang merupakan implementasi dari Peraturan Menteri (Permen) Keputusan Menteri ESDM No 7/2012 mengenai Peningkatan Nilai Tambah dan Program Hilirisasi Hasil Tambang itu dinilai sudah tepat. Selain masih dalam rentang persentase yang diusulkan Kadin, penetapan bea keluar tersebut dinilai wajar dengan pertimbangan bahwa izin usaha pertambangan (IUP) pada umumnya baru berproduksi 2011–2012.“Mengenai penetapan pajak ekspor 20% atas 14 bahan mineral sudah tepat dan saya anggap itu hal yang wajar,” kata Wakil Ketua Umum Kadin bidang Perdagangan, Distribusi, dan Logistik Natsir Mansyur di Menara Kadin, Jakarta, kemarin. Kadin juga menilai penerapan kebijakan itu dapat mengurangi terjadinya ekspor barang tambang mentah tak resmi di daerah. Menurut dia, sejak otonomi daerah, terjadi banyak ekspor tambang yang dilakukan tanpa melapor ke pemerintah.

Namun di sisi lain Kadin menilai bahwa masih terdapat beberapa hal yang perlu menjadi perhatian untuk dibicarakan bersama antara Kementerian ESDM dan Kadin untuk melancarkan dan mengurangi permasalahan di lapangan sehingga implementasi Keputusan Menteri ESDM No 7/2012 berjalan lancar.

Beberapa hal yang perlu diperhatikan antara lain adalah proses sertifikasi yang diharapkan dapat lebih cepat sehingga ekspor juga dapat lebih lancar. “Apabila masih ada kekurangan data-data maka dapat diberikan tenggang waktu tiga-empat bulan untuk melengkapi datanya,namun tidak menunggu data lengkap sudah dapat melakukan ekspor yang penting ada jaminan supaya ekspor tetap jalan dan mengurangi stagnasi ekspor di lapangan,” katanya.

Usulan lain adalah perusahaan juga harus mengajukan rencana pengolahan/ pemurnian serta para eksportir tambang dinilai perlu menekan pakta integritas. Kemudian, Kadin meminta proses peningkatan nilai tambah tambang tidak langsung 99% namun dilakukan secara bertahap agar tidak mengganggu iklim investasi. “Kita minta supaya hasil manufaktur tidak langsung 99%,mulai dari 60%,70%,lalu 80%.

Kalau langsung 99%, itu besar sekali dan memengaruhi investasi,”cetusnya. Di tempat yang sama,Ketua Umum Kadin bidang Industri, Riset, dan Teknologi Bambang Sujagad menambahkan, terkait pembangunan fasilitas pengolahan dan pemurnian logam (smelter), pemerintah harus menyediakan infrastruktur pendukung, terutama pasokan energi listrik.“Ketersediaan pasokan listrik menjadi prioritas utama bagi pengusaha dalam membangun smelter,” tegas dia.

Menurut dia, biaya operasional terbesar untuk pengoperasian smelter, yakni mencapai 80% adalah konsumsi listrik. Karena itu, butuh komitmen dari pemerintah untuk menjamin ketersediaannya. Sebelumnya Menteri ESDM Jero Wacik mengatakan bahwa perusahaan tambang masih boleh mengekspor 14 komoditas tambang itu sampai 2014 sesuai dengan UU Minerba No 4/2009.

Namun, mereka memenuhi lima persyaratan yang telah ditetapkan pemerintah yakni harus dapat sertifikat clean dan clear dari Ditjen Minerba Kementerian ESDM. Perusahaan harus melunasi kewajiban pajak dan non-pajak. Perusahaan juga harus menyampaikan rencana mengenai pengolahan dan pemurnian di dalam negeri. Perusahaan juga harus menandatangani pakta integritas untuk menjaga lingkungan dan berjanji tahun 2014 berhenti total mengekspor bahan mineral mentah.

Terakhir, perusahaan akan dikenakan bea keluar 20%. Terpisah, Dirjen Basis Industri Manufaktur Kementerian Perindustrian (Kemenperin) Panggah Susanto mengatakan, penerapan bea keluar ekspor mineral mentah diharapkan mempercepat realisasi investasi di sektor pertambangan. Saat ini potensi nilai investasi di sektor itu yang bisa didorong realisasinya sudah mencapai USD19 miliar.

“Saat ini sudah ada rencana yang mau investasi USD19 miliar. Itu Masih jajaki,”kata Panggah di Banyuwangi kemarin. Kendati bisa mendorong realisasi investasi, Panggah berharap agar pascapenerapan bea keluar,kepentingan nasional tetap difokuskan. Kebutuhan bahan baku mineral untuk dalam negeri tetap harus diprioritaskan. “Harus disiplin. Volume ekspor harus betul-betul memperhitungkan kebutuhan domestik, 20% itu kanditerapkan bertahap. Tata niaga volume ekspor harus bisa terkontrol dengan baik,”jelasnya. ●nanangwijayanto/ sandra karina

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